What is Blood Pressure?
You may have heard the word ‘hypertension’ thrown around. Simply put, hypertension means high blood pressure, a condition that people of all ages, sex and ethnicities can develop. But do you know what it means or why it is important? Blood pressure is the measurement of force your blood puts on blood vessel walls as it travels through the body. A healthy blood pressure is 120/80.
hy two numbers?
1st – Systolic blood pressure is the force your blood puts on blood vessel walls as your heart beats
2nd – Diastolic is the force your blood puts on blood vessel walls when your heart is at rest between beats
When systolic blood pressure is high, the heart must work harder than normal to push blood from its chambers into the arteries. Hypertension or high blood pressure makes the heart work harder and can lead to increased risk factors for heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, memory loss, eye disease, and can also decrease blood flow to vital organs.
High blood pressure is often called the silent killer as there are often no signs or symptoms present so it is hard to detect! Generally, our blood pressure increases as we get older, and it is more prominent in men than women.
The good news is that is preventable and doesn’t take a major life overhaul to improve your blood pressure. Small steps add up to big changes. Tips to reduce your blood pressure:
• Don’t add salt too food
• Reduce takeaways
• Read labels and choose low salt options where possible
• Introduce exercise
• Limit alcohol
• Reduce stress
Normal Systolic 120 or less AND Diastolic 80 or less Pre High Systolic between 121-139 OR Diastolic between 81-89 High Systolic 140 or above OR diastolic 90 or above